A listing of many commonly used terms in the title insurance industry can be found by clicking on the tabs below:
Abandonment of Homestead: An instrument to terminate a homestead interest.
Acceleration Clause: A clause in a note, mortgage or deed of trust which give the lender the right to demand payment in full upon a happening of a certain event(s), such as a default.
Acknowledgment: A formal declaration made before a notary, stating the instrument was duly executed by the designated person.
Adverse Possession: A method of acquiring real property from the owner because of continuous, hostile and visible use of the property for a prescribed length of time.
Affidavit: A sworn statement by an individual.
Affidavit of Value: A sworn statement required by the state to be attached to all conveyances, unless it has been specifically exempted. It includes the legal description, tax parcel number and the value of the property.
Agreement for Sale: An instrument that conveys the equitable title to real property and states the manner of payment required for payment in full.
Amortize: A gradual decrease of a debt based on structured payments over a designated number of years.
Assessment: A levy or tax imposed on land to raise revenue or to pay for improvements which benefit the land.
Attachment: A legal procedure where property is taken into custody pending the outcome of a lawsuit.
Attorney in Fact: An agent authorized to act for another by virtue of a power of attorney.
Balloon Payment: A final payment on a note which is greater than the preceding installments.
Base File: A title file that includes all previous title search information on a particular property.
Beneficiary: One who benefits from a trust, or the mortgagee under a deed of trust.
Bill of Sale: An instrument that transfers personal property.
Bulk Sale: The sale of a business.
Chain of Title: A chronological list of the recorded instruments affecting title to real property.
Chattel: Personal property.
Cloud on the Title: An irregularity in the chain of title that could affect the interest of the owner.
Community Property: All property acquired by either husband or wife during the marriage except what is acquired by gift, devise or descent.
Contiguous: Parcels of property that are adjoining.